The 15 Major Meridian Based Syndromes
In a meridian based approach to pattern identification and treatment 15 major syndromes are recognized. These 15 patterns are identified according to the Chinese meridian names and link meridian pairs to identify what meridians are most out of balance and responsive to treatment. For instance, the tai yang can be paired with the shao yin, since the tai yang meridians share an internal-external relationship with the shao yin. Therefore, we can speak of a tai yang – shao yin pattern which will have characteristic symptoms.
This form of pattern identification is important to know about because it greatly improves one’s ability to clearly differentiate patterns, and most importantly, it increases treatment efficiency. Let’s now take a closer look at the four most important meridian based patterns.
Yang Ming – Jue Yin Pattern
LI - ST
LV - PC
This pattern is commonly seen in clinic and is associated with zang-fu patterns like liver qi stagnation, liver overacting on the stomach or intestines, and liver fire invading the stomach.
Tai Yin - Yang Ming Pattern
SP - LU
ST - LI
This is a very common pattern and is seen when there are symptoms affecting the stomach or large intestine, with an underlying imbalance in the spleen. The simultaneous occurrence of lung and spleen imbalances is also best treated with the is circuit, since many points on the yang ming meridians can benefit the lungs.
Shao Yang – Jue Yin Pattern
GB - SJ
LV - PC
The shao yang pattern relates to liver rising, liver wind, and liver fire. Common symptoms of this pattern include temple headaches, tinnitus, irritated eyes and various neurological conditions.
Tai Yang – Shao Yin Pattern
UB - SI
KI - HT
This pattern occurs when symptoms, such as back and neck pain, exist in the tai yang channels and also present with kidney and/or heart imbalances. This pattern relates to the zang-fu patterns of kidney deficiency and kidney and heart disharmony.
When using a meridian based approach one is better able to determine what meridians and acupuncture points will be most effective for the treatment. This is helpful because it allows the clinician to use fewer needles, with greater effect. To learn more about meridian based approaches to pattern identification and treatment click here.